Battery electric vehicles (2017-short)

Battery electric vehicles (2017-short)


A battery electric vehicle uses electricity
– and only electricity – to make the vehicle go. There are three main components – a zero-emission
electric motor or motors, a battery or series of batteries, and a non-conventional transmission
that transfers the motor’s power to the wheels. Electric drives are substantially more efficient
than combustion engines and drive trains. It’s a lot easier to convert electricity
to mechanical energy. Internal combustion engines are relatively
inefficient since they lose available energy to heat loss in the cooling system and in
the exhaust. Electric motors provide almost all their available
torque right from the instant you put your foot on the accelerator. As a consequence, transmissions are much simpler,
too. While you are driving, you are using battery
power, and depleting its supply. Instrumentation on your dashboard will give
you an accurate reading on how much reserve power you have, and let you know when it is
time for a charge. In addition, the battery electric vehicle
has a charging coupling – a place you plug into when you are charging the vehicle. Some vehicles even come with a cable that
allows you to plug the car into different kinds of charging stations. The batteries in battery electric vehicles
need to be charged regularly – most of the time, that means plugging the vehicle in either
at home, or at work, and as these types of vehicles become more popular, public and commercial
charging stations can “top up” these vehicles. Annual fuel costs for battery electric vehicles
available in Canada will be about one fifth as much as a conventional vehicle, based on
20,000 kilometres a year. Battery electric vehicles offer adequate driving
range for most daily use before needing to be recharged. – but actual range depends on speed driven,
driving style, cargo, topography, climate control usage, and weather. So if you are looking to cut your energy costs
and reduce the amount of greenhouse gas you’re producing, consider a battery electric vehicle.